General author guidelines for structuring the publishable executive summary of research article (technical paper)
Please follow the Guidelines given here when submitting or revising your Article for Publication. The editors reserve the right to make editorial revisions in articles. Most of the entries are based from APA 6th Edition ©2010 and Wiley-Blackwell’s writing for publication ©2009.
US letter size (8.5×11)
Tahoma 11-Point Font
Paragraphs must be Justified
Leave two spaces before and after the major Headings and Sub-headings
No extra space between paragraphs or sections
References, Acknowledgements, Tables, Titles, and Figure Legends should be typed Single-Spaced
Use Endnotes and not Footnotes when required by the discipline
First line of each paragraph is indented by half inch
Arabic Page Numbers (I.E. 1, 2, 3) begin on Title Page, Top-Right
Author(s) and Address(es)
Abstract and Keywords
Materials and Methods for Experimental Study or Methodology for Non-Experimental Study
Results and Discussion
- Manuscript should be as concise as the subject and research method permit, generally 4,000 to 6,000 words.
- Spell out acronyms or unfamiliar abbreviations when these are mentioned for the first time in the text.
- Write the scientific names of species completely with author(s) when it is first mentioned in the text and without author in succeeding references. Scientific names should be written in Italics or Bold face.
- Use the metric system only or the international system of units. Use abbreviations of units only beside numerals (e.g. 6 m); otherwise, spell out the units (e.g. kilometers from here). Do not use plural forms or periods for abbreviations of units. Use the bar for compound units (e.g. 1 kg/ha/yr). Place a zero before the decimal numbers less than 1 (e.g. 0.25).
- Spell out number from one to ten, except when used in tables and lists, and when used with mathematical, statistical, scientific, or technical units and quantities, such as distances, weights and measures.
Title. Title must be written in upper and lowercase and preferably no more than 12 words. It should be single-spaced if longer than 1 line, centered must be written in the upper half of the page.
Author(s).This includes name(s) of author(s), their affiliation and ORCID no. Email Address of the corresponding author must also be included.
Abstract. An abstract of about 150-300 words should be presented on a separate page immediately preceding the text. The Abstract summarizes the main points of the study and should contain five parts written in one paragraph: Introduction to the topic, Chief Purpose/Objective, Method, Results and Conclusion.
Keywords. The abstract must be followed by at least three key words to assist in indexing the paper and identifying qualified reviewers. Keywords may contain four parts: discipline of the study, concepts investigated, method/process, and geographic location of study.
Introduction. Introduction provides details about the paper’s purpose or objective and the gap that it tries to address. It also provides the background of the topic and the scope it attempts to cover. A brief significant literature can be included on this part.
Materials and Methods/Methodology. This part details the research design used in the study. It highlights the research site, respondents of the study, sampling procedures, instrumentation, statistical tools used, and research ethics adopted.
Results and Discussions. This section discusses the salient points of the study. Results and discussions must be presented in a logical manner based on the objectives of the article. Only important tables and/or figures must be used. Findings must validate the existing literature or theory used in the study.
Conclusions. Conclusions should briefly answer the objectives of the study. They are not repetitions of the discussions but are judgments based on findings vis-à-vis existing literature.
Acknowledgement. This is an optional section that recognizes the contributions of funders or service agencies that contributed to the implementation of the study.
References. Every manuscript must a section that contains only those works cited within the text. Each entry should contain all information necessary or unambiguous identification of the published work using the APA 6th edition format. This must be arranged alphabetically and includes published works only.